The ARM of St. Michael
Saint Michael the Archangel
“Mi-ca-El”, or “Who is like God?” Such was the cry of the great Archangel when he smote the rebel Lucifer in the conflict of the heavenly hosts, and from that hour has been known as “Michael”, the captain of the armies of God, the type of divine fortitude, the champion of every faithful soul in strife with the powers of evil. Thus he appears in Holy Scripture as the guardian of the children of Israel, their comfort and protector in times of sorrow or conflict. He it is who prepares for their return from the Persian captivity, who leads the valiant Maccabees to victory, and who rescues the body of Moses from the envious grasp of the Evil One. And since Christ’s coming, the Church has ever venerated St. Michael as her special patron and protector. She invokes him by name in her confession of sin, summons him to the side of her children in the agony of death, and chooses him as their escort from the chastening flames of purgatory to the realms of holy light. Lastly, when Antichrist shall have set up his kingdom on earth, it is Michael who will unfurl once more the standard of the Cross, sound the last trumpet, and binding together the false prophet and the beast, hurl them from all eternity into the burning pool. – Fr. Alban Butler in Lives of the Saints for every day in the year, TAN Books 1995.
“Whenever any grievous temptation or vehement sorrow oppresses thee, invoke thy guardian, thy leader; cry out to him, and say, “Lord, save us, lest we perish” – St Bernard of Clairvaux
“Michael is the greatest warrior of Heaven. Call upon him often my children” – Jesus to Veronica of the Cross, June 9, 1979
Virgin of Virgins, Queen of Purity. Our Holy Mother desires, above all else, to lead each and every one of her children, to her son Jesus, Who is the Door of Heaven. Here is a sublime contemplation of Mary (click on link) to be received as insights in prayer, who our Church calls “most powerful virgin”, given to the victim soul Maria Valtorta in 1944, read by Venerable Pope Pius XII, St Padre Pio, Saint Teresa of Calcutta, Blessed Gabriele Allegra and Blessed Mother Maria Ines Teresa.
Saint Joseph, Patron of Chastity
Most chaste spouse of the Immaculate Holy Virgin. “In the virtue and perfection of chastity, St. Joseph was elevated higher than the Seraphim; for the purity which they possessed without a body, he possessed in his earthly body and in mortal flesh; never did an image of the impurities of the animal and sensible natures engage, even for one moment, any of his faculties. This freedom from all such imaginations and his angelic simplicity fitted him for the companionship and presence of the most Pure among all creatures, and without this, he would not have been worthy of so great a dignity and rare excellence. While St. Joseph’s extraordinary chastity is due chiefly to God’s singular grace, we must not fail to give credit to the saint for corresponding with this grace. His great chastity was the fruit of continual vigilance on his part. St. Joseph continually watched over his mind, his heart, his senses; he was careful to avoid idleness which is the root of all evil; to avoid worldly pleasures and amusements; to avoid bad company, bad conversations, everything that could be an occasion of sin. And knowing that chastity depends on prayer, he never ceased to implore God’s help and God’s grace.” -from St Joseph as Seen by Mystics and Historians
Saint Mary Magdalen
Follower of Jesus Model of Penitence Apostle to the Apostles – “The conversion of Mary Magdalen, out of whom “seven demons” had departed (Lk. 8:2), was a process rather than an event. It began only because she was prayed for, and because she wanted it. Jesus knew this, and He sowed His seeds of love, challenge and forgiveness. Mary responded, flew to the help of Jesus’ Mother, and never turned back on her journey towards holiness. She demonstrated obedience to Jesus, and “hope beyond hope” in His promise to return after Lazarus’ death. She pledged faith and “infinite love”, and after the Virgin Mother, she was the first to whom Jesus appeared after His Resurrection. Jesus’ teachings on Her conversion are a lesson for all evangelists, and the story of Mary Magdalen is a model of hope for all sinners.” The webpage which unfolds the full story of Mary Magdalen’s conversion and Jesus’ teaching commentary is found here. http://sites.google.com/site/poemvaltorta/magdalene/
St Mary is patron saint of converts, contemplative life, reformed prostitutes, the sexually tempted, among others. She is today most graciously sought as patroness of recovering lust addicts in view of the revelation of our Lord to His servant Sr. Lucia of Fatima “More souls go to hell for sins of the flesh (lust) than for any other reason.”
Least of the Apostles. “St. Paul, who willed the “thorn in the flesh” (“an angel of Satan sent to beat me” 2 Cor 12:7), in precious witness of the favor of God’s sufficient grace, speaks to all the tempted and addicted. St Thomas Aquinas, agreeing with St. Augustine, notes that the thorn was concupiscence. Paul accepted this humbling limitation as a remedy to pride stemming from his standing as a luminary in the Church, that he always know where the riches come from and Who alone is the glory. The thorn is Paul’s cross, part of divine process, temptation permitted in order to confront human weakness, to cultivate strength. The most amazing thing that ever happens is for virtue to ignite from nothingness (ie stupidity), strength perfected in weakness, “fire growing in water”. Human control is never complete in this life, as many would prefer it. But St Paul is our intercessor to unlearn self-reliance, to be free from the horror or fear of suffering and to trust in God. St. Paul’s affliction also produced the prize of patience, for by the calendar of searching the mountain ranges of freedom on the Way, the recovering will find the immense grandeur and glory of God.
In this prayer to Saint Paul, we pray for the grace to persevere in the Christian Faith. Saint Paul suffered greatly for his witness to Christ, even, in the end, giving his life in martyrdom on June 29, 67, when he was beheaded outside of the gates of Rome.
Prayer to Saint Paul for Perseverance O glorious Saint Paul, who, from being a persecutor of the Christian name, didst become its most zealous Apostle, and who, to carry the knowledge of Jesus, our divine Saviour, to the uttermost parts of the earth, didst joyfully suffer weaknesses, imprisonings, scourgings, stonings, shipwrecks and all manner of persecutions, and who didst finish thy course by shedding the last drop of thy blood: obtain for us the grace to accept, as favors bestowed by the mercy of God, the infirmities, sufferings, and misfortunes of this life, that we may not grow slack in our service of God by reason of these vicissitudes of our exile, but that we may rather show ourselves ever more devoted. Amen.
Saint Augustine of HippoDoctor of Grace One of the most gifted writers of the Church, “this man of passion and faith, of the highest intelligence and tireless in his pastoral care, a great saint and Doctor of the Church … left a very deep mark on the cultural life of the West and on the whole world” (Pope Benedict XVI in Church Fathers), reveals his conversion in the God-praising, spiritual autobiography, the most widely received of all his books, Confessions.
“St. Ambrose’s sermons, the story of the conversion of Victorinus, a great pagan orator, the reading of St. Paul’s epistles all had a disposing effect on Augustine. But one day a fellow countryman, Pontitian, came to Milan, and recounted how some of his associate military officers had vowed a life of chastity after reading St Athanasius’ Life of St Anthony of the Desert. St Augustine was highly affected. Even after sending off his faithful mistress, he had weakly taken another (which was at least an honest one): “Lord make me pure, but not yet”. Now he asked his lifelong friend Alypius: “What is this? The unlearned rise and taken Heaven by force, and we, with our learning but without heart, see we are rolling ourselves in flesh and blood.” It was then that he rushed out into the garden, flung himself under a fig tree and cried out: “How long, O Lord, how long? Remember not my former sins! Tomorrow and tomorrow – why not now?” About this time, he heard a child’s voice sing-songing over and over something that sounded like Tolle lege Tolle lege (Take up and read, Take up and read).” Augustine remembering how a random opening of the Bible had guided St Anthony, took this for a sign that he should open a book and read the first thing he found. He took up the copy of St Paul lying by Alypius in the garden and opened it to Romans 13: 13-14, where he read: “…not in rioting and drunkness, not in chambering and impurities…but put ye on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make not provision for the flesh in its concupiscences.” - Fr. Christopher Rengers in The 33 Doctors of the Church, TAN Books 2000
St Augustine’s lifelong conversion witnesses as the importance of Christian servitude, the healing grace of sacramental life, recourse to holy books and study always hungering deeply for and pursuing knowledge of the Truth, and the cultivation of higher self ‘at the expense of lower’.
Abbot, Patriarch of Western Monks. St. Benedict, blessed by grace and in name, was born of a noble Italian family about 480. As a boy he was sent to Rome, and studied in the public schools. Fearing for his soul, repulsed by his licentiousness Roman peers, he eventually fled to the desert mountains of Subiaco, and was directed by the Holy Spirit to a cave, deep craggy and almost inaccessible. He lived there for three years, unknown to anyone save the holy monk Romanus, who clothed him with the monastic habit and brought him food. Saint Aelred of Rievaulx (ꝉ 1167) records that the narrow way required the Saint to throw himself naked once, into a thorn bush to avoid submitting to lust. The fame of his sanctity soon gathered disciples round him.
Benedict of Norcia was among the earliest In Europe to organize a religious community of Christian ‘hermits’. After he oversaw the building of twelve monasteries at Subiaco, he removed to Monte Cassino, where he founded an abbey in which he wrote his rule and lived until death. – Fr. Alban Butler in Lives of the Saints for every day in the year, TAN Books 1995
From St Benedict has developed a tradition of wearing a medal or medal-cross depicting the Abbot holding a cross, and bearing the letters V R S N S M V - S M Q L I V B, the collected first letters for the prayer of disappropriation. Vade retro Satana! Nunquam suade mihi vana! Sunt mala quae libas. Ipse venena bibas! Get behind me Satan! Never tempt me with your vanities! What you offer is evil. Drink the poison yourself! The back of the medal fits a large cross. On the arms of the cross are the initial letters of a Latin prayer: Crux sacra sit mihi lux! Nunquam draco sit mihi dux! May the holy cross be my light! May the dragon never be my guide! In the angles of the cross, the letters C S P B stand for Crux Sancti Patris Benedicti: Cross of our holy father Benedict.
The medal is a Latin prayer of exorcism against Satan, a prayer for strength in time of temptation, a prayer for peace, a prayer that the Cross of Christ be our light and guide, a prayer of firm rejection of all that is evil, a prayer of petition that we may with Christian courage "walk in God's ways, with the Gospel as our guide". Wearing this medal, one is always wearing the prayer.
The Medal of St. Benedict can be worn on a chain around the neck, attached to one's rosary, kept in one's pocket or purse, or placed in one's car or home. The medal is often put into the foundations of houses and building, on the walls of barns and sheds, or in one's place of business. It is not a superstitious charm or “endowed with magic power” but intended as a means of simply reminding the wearer of God, the ready prayer of deliverance, and of stirring up ever faithful desire and willingness to serve God and neighbor. http://www.osb.org/gen/medal.html
Saint Thomas Aquinas
The Angelic Doctor. Spiritual Father of the Angelic Warfare Confraternity, catholic purity fellowship. “St. Thomas was born of noble parents at Aquino in Italy 1226. At the age of nineteen he received the Dominican habit at Naples, where he was studying. Seized by his brothers on his way to Paris, he suffered a two-year’s captivity in their castle of Rocca-Secca; but neither the caresses of his mother and sisters, nor the threats and stratagems of his brothers, could shake him in his vocation. While St Thomas was in confinement at Rocca-Secca, his brothers endeavored to entrap him into sin, but the attempt only ended in the triumph of his purity. Snatching from the hearth a burning brand, the Saint drove from his chamber the prostitute whom they had concealed. Then marking a cross upon the wall, he knelt down to pray, and forthwith, being rapt in ecstasy, was girded with a cord by two angels, in token of the gift of perpetual chastity which God had given him. The pain caused by the girdling was so sharp that St Thomas uttered a piercing cry, which brought the guards into the room. But he never told this grace to any one save Father Raynald, his confessor, a little while before his death. Hence originated the Confraternity of the “Angelic Warfare”, for the preservation of the virtue of chastity. The Church has venerated his numerous writings as a treasure-house of sacred doctrine; while in naming him the Angelic Doctor she has indicated that his science is more divine than human. The rarest gifts of intellect were combined in him with tenderest piety. Prayer he said, had taught him more than study. The knowledge of God is for all, but hidden treasures are reserved for those who have ever followed the Lamb.” – Fr. Alban Butler in Lives of the Saints for every day in the year, TAN Books 1995.
Saint Margaret of Cortona
Margaret of Cortona, penitent, was born in Loviana in Tuscany in 1247, is a patron saint of those who suffer from sexual temptations. As a farmer‘s daughter, her mother died when Margaret was seven years old, and her step-mother considered her a nuisance. Margaret eloped with a young nobleman from Montepulciano, bore him a son, and lived as his mistress for nine years. In 1274 he was murdered by brigands, and his body dumped in a shallow grave. Margaret saw the incident as a sign from God. She publicly confessed to the affair, and tried to return to the house of her father who would not accept her. She and her son took shelter with the Friars Minor at Cortona. Still young and attractive, Margaret sometimes had trouble resisting temptation, but each incident was followed by periods of deep self-loathing. To make herself unappealing to local young men, she once tried to mutilate herself, but was stopped by a friar named Giunta.
She earned her keep by tending to sick women. She later began caring for the sick poor, living on alms, asking nothing for her services. She became a Franciscan tertiary in 1277. Margaret developed a deep and intense prayer life, and was given to ecstasies during which she received messages from Heaven. In 1286 Margaret received a charter to work with the sick poor. She gathered others of like mind, and formed them into a community of tertiaries. They were later given the status of a congregation, called the Poverelle (Poor Ones). With them she founded a hospital at Cortona. Margaret preached against vice of all sorts to any who would listen. She developed a great devotion to the Eucharist and Passion, and prophesied the date of her own death. Though she worked for those in need, and though the poor sought her help and advice, the calumny of her earlier life followed her the rest of her days, and she was forever the target of local gossips. - http://catholicsaints.info/
“Powerful with God”, early Christian virgin and martyr who was tortured and killed for witnessing to Christ. Credited with countless miracles and intercessions since discovery of her tomb in the most ancient catacombs of St. Priscilla in Rome in 1802, St. Philomena is prayed to by people of diverse ages, culture and social standing around the world. The young virgin who was martyred at age 13, willingly traded her earthly life for heavenly salvation and continues her work today promoting the virtues of purity and sanctity among the world’s youth and bringing the faithful closer to our Blessed Mother and Jesus Christ. It would seem she was held in quiet reserve by God for nearly seventeen centuries and summoned at a time when so much uncertainty and absence of faith abound.
“Whatever you ask from her, She will obtain for you.” -Pope Gregory XVI http://philomena.us/
Patron saint of purity, another early Christian martyr who was mutilated and killed rather than allow herself to be violated by a Roman soldier.
“She received the crown of martyrdom at Catana, in the persecution of Decius, in the third consulship of that prince, in the year of our Lord 251. She was of a rich and illustrious family, and having been consecrated to God from her tender years, triumphed over many assaults upon her chastity. Quintianus, a man of consular dignity, bent on gratifying both his lust and avarice, imagined he should easily compass his wicked designs on Agatha's person and estate by means of the emperor's edict against the Christians. He therefore caused her to be apprehended and brought before him at Catana. Seeing herself in the hands of the persecutors, she made this prayer: "Jesus Christ, Lord of all things, you see my heart, you know my desire-possess alone all that I am. I am your sheep, make me worthy to overcome the devil." She wept, and prayed for courage and strength all the way she went.
On her appearance, Quintianus gave orders for her being put into the hands of Aphrodisia, a most wicked woman, who, with six daughters, all prostitutes, kept a common stew. The saint suffered in this infamous place assaults and stratagems against her virtue infinitely more terrible to her than any tortures or death itself. But placing her confidence in God, she never ceased with sighs and most earnest tears to implore his protection, and by it overcame all their hellish attempts the whole month she was there.
Quintianus, being informed of her constancy after thirty days, ordered her to be brought before him. The virgin, in her first interrogatory, told him that to be a servant of Jesus Christ was the most illustrious nobility and true liberty. The judge, offended at her resolute answers, commanded her to be buffeted and led to prison. She entered it with great joy, recommending her future conflict to God. The next day she was arraigned a second time at the tribunal, and answered with equal constancy that Jesus Christ was her life and her salvation. Quintianus then ordered her to be stretched on the rack, which torment was usually accompanied with stripes, the tearing of the sides with iron hooks, and burning them with torches or matches. The governor, enraged to see her suffer all this with cheerfulness, commanded her breast to be tortured, and afterwards to be cut off. At which she made him this reproach: "Cruel tyrant, do you not blush to torture this part of my body, you that sucked the breasts of a woman yourself? "
He remanded her to prison, with a severe order that neither salves nor food should be allowed her. But God would be himself her physician, and the apostle St. Peter in a vision comforted her, healed all her wounds, and filled her dungeon with a heavenly light. Quintianus, four days after, not the least moved at the miraculous cure of her wounds, caused her to be rolled naked over live coals mixed with broken potsherds. Being carried back to prison, she made this prayer: "Lord, my Creator, you have ever protected me from the cradle; you have taken me from the love of the world, and given me patience to suffer: receive now my soul." After which words she sweetly gave up the ghost.” -Fr. Alban Butler "The Lives of the Fathers, Martyrs and Other Principal Saints" (1864)
Patron Saint of the Mentally Ill - An Irish Christian martyr who was killed by her father rather than enter into an incestuous marriage. According to Christian tradition, Dymphna was born in Ireland in the 7th century. Dymphna's father Damon, a petty king of Oriel, was a pagan, but her mother was a devout Christian.
When Dymphna was 14 years old, she consecrated herself to Christ and took a vow of chastity. Shortly thereafter, her mother died. Damon had loved his wife deeply, and in the aftermath of her death his mental health sharply deteriorated. Eventually the king's counselors pressed him to remarry. Damon agreed, but only on the condition that his bride would be as beautiful as his deceased wife. After searching fruitlessly, Damon began to desire his daughter because of her strong resemblance to her mother.
When Dymphna learned of her father's intentions she swore to uphold her vows, and fled his court along with her confessor Father Gerebernus, two trusted servants and the king's fool. Together they sailed towards the continent, eventually landing in what is present-day Belgium, where they took refuge in the town of Geel. One tradition states that once settled in Geel, St. Dymphna built a hospice for the poor and sick of the region. However, it was through the use of her wealth that her father would eventually ascertain her whereabouts, as some of the coins used enabled her father to trace them to Belgium. Damon sent his agents to pursue his daughter and her companions. When their hiding place was discovered, Damon travelled to Geel to recover his daughter. Damon ordered his soldiers to kill Father Gerebernus and tried to force Dymphna to return with him to Ireland, but she resisted. Furious, Damon drew his sword and struck off his daughter's head. She was said to have been 15 years old when she died.
According to tradition, miracles occurred immediately after her tomb was discovered. A number of people with epilepsy, mental illness or to have been under evil influence who visited the tomb of Dymphna were said to have been cured. The saint is invoked as patroness against mental illness. -https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dymphna
Saint Mary of Egypt
A reformed child prostitute, who died a holy hermit. Patron saint of penitent women, prostitutes and sexual temptation. Beautiful, spoiled, cynical, disenchanted and rich child who was the center of her family’s pride, repaid them by running away at age 12. She ran to Alexandria, Egypt where she worked as a dancer, singer, and prostitute for 17 years. Around age 30, Mary took ship on a pilgrimage to Palestine, hoping to ply her trade among the pilgrims, and then in Jerusalem.
On the Feast of the Exaltation of the Cross she moved with the crowds to the church, looking for customers. At the church door she found herself invisibly repelled, unable to open the door; she was overcome with remorse for her life and exclusion from the Church. She repented, and asked for Our Lady‘s guidance; a voice told that to find rest, she should cross the Jordan River. The next day Mary crossed the river, wandered into the desert, and took up the life of a hermit for nearly 50 years as penance. She lived on herbs, berries, and whatever came to hand. She met Saint Zosimus of Palestine. She once told him to come back exactly one year from that day; when he did, he found she had died. With the help of a lion, Zosimus dug her grave; he later wrote a biography of her, and her life was a popular story in the Middle Ages. - http://catholicsaints.info/
Saint Therese of Lisieux
Doctor of Merciful Love “Marie-Francoise-Therese Martin, known as “The Little Flower of Jesus” was born at Alencon, France in 1873. Reared in a home of comfort and surrounded by refinements that would have spoiled an ordinary child, Therese’s intelligence had an early dawning which enabled her to comprehend Divine Goodness far in advance of her tender years. Our Lord visited upon the child a severe trial, a strange malady from which there seemed no recovery. Her implicit confidence in God, however, overcame her infirmity and she progressed rapidly toward sanctity. Therese adopted flowers as the symbol of her love for her Divine Savior and offered her practices in virtue, sacrifice, and mortification as flowers at the feet of Jesus. At fifteen she entered the Carmelite Convent at Lisieux France, where she distinguished herself by punctual observance of the rule, burning love for God and wonderful trust in Him. Before she died, this “lily of delicious perfume” as Pope Pius X called her, revealed to superiors her life story in pages of rarest beauty (Story of a Soul). She died in the odor of sanctity on September 30th 1897 at the age of 24.” – Fr. Alban Butler in Lives of the Saints for every day in the year, TAN Books 1995.
St. Therese offered sacrifices and reparations for direst sinners. Calling herself “the littlest and weakest of souls”, befriending from Heaven all in the most lowly and hidden stations in life, her little way finds those who are among the most powerless of all - the wounded of addiction, this writer for example who is called “stupidest of the stupid”, suffering in repeated falls and agonizing failures to overcome attachment. St Therese of the Child Jesus and the Holy Face, pray for us.
Saint Maria Goretti
Patron Saint of Purity. Italian peasant girl, virgin and martyr, one of the youngest canonized saints who, at the age of 11, chose death over sexual violation. Born to a poor farming family, her father died when she was nine, and the family had to share a house with another family, the Serenellis. Maria took over household duties, while her mother and the rest of her family worked in the fields. One afternoon, Alessandro, the son of the Serenelli family, made sexual advances to her, but she refused to submit to him because that would be mortal sin. He stabbed her multiple times. She was taken to hospital, but died after forgiving him. He was promptly arrested, convicted and jailed. After three years he repented, and when eventually released from prison, he visited her mother begging forgiveness, which she readily granted. He later became a lay brother in a monastery, eventually dying peacefully in 1970. Maria was beatified in 1947, and canonized in 1950. Her mother attended both ceremonies. http://catholicsaints.info/
Blessed Angela of Foligno
Visionary, mystic, and mystical writer, noted for her charity, patience and humility. Born to a wealthy non-Christian family. She married young, and was the mother of several children. Angela lived a wild, adulterous, and sacrilegious life for a while, but following a vision received in 1285, had a conversion. After the death of her mother, husband, and children, she turned to God and penance. She was a Franciscan tertiary, and led a group of other tertiaries. http://catholicsaints.info/
Saint Catherine of Sienna
Youngest of 24 children; her father was a wool-dyer. At the age of seven she had a vision in which Jesus appeared with Peter, Paul, and John; Jesus blessed her, and she consecrated herself to Him. Her parents began making arranged marriages for her when she turned 12, but she refused to co-operate, became a Dominican tertiary at age 15, and spent her time working with the poor and sick, attracting others to work with her. She received a vision in which she was in a mystical marriage with Christ, and the Infant Christ presented her with a wedding ring. Some of her visions drove her to become more involved in public life. Counselor to and correspondent with Pope Gregory XI and Pope Urban VI. Stigmatist in 1375. Lived in Avignon, France in 1376, and then in Rome, Italy from 1378 until her death. Friend of Blessed Raymond of Capua who was also her confessor. Proclaimed Doctor of the Church on 4 October 1970. http://catholicsaints.info/
Saint Mary of Edessa
Niece of Saint Abraham Kidunaia. She lived for 20 years as an anchoress near Abraham‘s cell. In a moment of weakness, she was seduced by a renegade monk who had turned from his vows. Mary despaired of forgiveness for her lapse, and in her shame, moved far away and gave herself over to a wild, dissolute, and sexually active life. Saint Abraham only left his hermit‘s cell twice – the second being to visit Mary in the guise of a soldier. Like so many others, Mary picked him up and took him home. There, over supper, Abraham convinced her of the error of her ways. She converted and returned to the life of an anchoress, spending the rest of her days in prayer. http://catholicsaints.info/
Saint Mary Magdalen of Pazzi
Catherine received a religious upbringing and was initially sent to a convent at age 14, but taken back home by her family who opposed her religious vocation and wanted her to marry well. They eventually gave in, and Catherine became a Carmelite of the Ancient Observance at 16, taking the name Sister Mary Magdalen. A mystic, she led a hidden life of prayer and self-denial, praying particularly for the renewal of the Church and encouraging the sisters in holiness. - http://catholicsaints.info/
Saint Pelagia of Antioch
Disciple of Saint Lucian of Antioch. When soldiers arrived to arrest her for her faith, she believed she would be raped. To escape she invited the soldiers in, claimed she was going to change, then jumped out of an upper floor window; she was killed by the fall. - http://catholicsaints.info/
Blessed Lucrezia Bellini (Blessed Eustochus) of PaduaIntercessor of Heroic Patience. Detailed life narrative